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      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Use of Microorganisms In Bioremediation Of Heavy Methals In Soils
        jina tanzadeh mohammad panahandeh
        Bioremediation is an promising and available new technique for removal and recovery of heavy metals in contaminated land and waters. These microorganisms developed Different detoxifying mechanisms such as bioaccumulation, biosorption, biomineralization and biotrans Full Text
        Bioremediation is an promising and available new technique for removal and recovery of heavy metals in contaminated land and waters. These microorganisms developed Different detoxifying mechanisms such as bioaccumulation, biosorption, biomineralization and biotransformation.The food and water we consume are often pulluted very of chemicals and heavy metals, such as gold,copper ,nickel, zinc, cadmium, arsenic, lead, chromium, and mercury that are associated with very diseases.Some studies described microorganism able to bioremediation heavy methas. Among others some of the microorganisms that play great role in bioremediation of heavy metals are Pseudomonas spp ,Corynebacterium spp ,Bacillus spp Arthrobacter spp, Alcaligenes spp, Rhodococcus spp, Flavobacterium spp, Nocardia spp, Azetobacter spp, Methosinus, Phormidium valderium. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Study of habitat loss and fragmentation in Lisar Protected Area based on landscape ecology approach
        mohammad panahandeh
        Landscape ecology metrics are used to describe composition and configuration of landscapes. The aim of this study was examination of habitat loss and fragmentation in Lisar Protected area in Guilan province during time period of 1990-2015.In this study , using Landsat Full Text
        Landscape ecology metrics are used to describe composition and configuration of landscapes. The aim of this study was examination of habitat loss and fragmentation in Lisar Protected area in Guilan province during time period of 1990-2015.In this study , using Landsat images(1990-2015), after radiometric and atmospheric correction, three density classes of forest cover(10-40%,40-70% and above 70%) were produced. Reference maps and field study were applied for interpretation of images and maximum likelihood method was used for classification. Using ArcGis and Patch Analyst software, with derived metrics, trend of habitat loss and fragmentation was examined. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Study of Land Use Change Using Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing Techniques
        Mehrdad  Khanmohammadi Maryam  Haghighi khomami mohammad panahandeh Mahsa Abdoli Laktasaraei
        Indeed, protected areas, national parks and biosphere reserves in general, are the natural heritage of each country. Therefore, knowledge of their changes plays an essential role in management of these areas. Remote sensing is one of the most advanced and effective tech Full Text
        Indeed, protected areas, national parks and biosphere reserves in general, are the natural heritage of each country. Therefore, knowledge of their changes plays an essential role in management of these areas. Remote sensing is one of the most advanced and effective technology for monitoring environmental changes and resource management. The purpose of this research is to detect the land use /cover changes in Bojagh National Park in Guilan province during 2000-2017. For this purpose, the images of ETM+ sensor from the landsat 7 were taken in the year 2000 and the images of OLI sensor from the landsat 8 were taken in the year 2017. After applying the necessary preprocessing on the images, the training points were selected for each user class in sufficient number and with appropriate processing then, the land use / cover map was produced using the supervised classification method with maximum likelihood algorithm. Using the Overall accuracy test and Kappa coefficients, accuracy of the produced maps was determined. The results of the study indicated that the areas of the sea, grassland and the areas of the waterbody parts has decreased and the areas of the agricultural, marshland, man-made, woody and bare lands users show an increase during the study period. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Investigation of forest land use degradation due to dam construction using satellite images processing
        mandana azizi mohammad panahandeh
        Identify land uses and land use changes to investigate and monitor sensitive areas is essential for sustainable land planning and management. The main objective of this study is to investigate the land use changes caused by the construction of Shafarood Dam in the Hyrca Full Text
        Identify land uses and land use changes to investigate and monitor sensitive areas is essential for sustainable land planning and management. The main objective of this study is to investigate the land use changes caused by the construction of Shafarood Dam in the Hyrcanian forests in the north of Iran during a 17-year period using Landsat satellite imagery. To do this, three satellite imagery of the years 2000, 2013 and 2017 were used, and the corrections (geometric and atmospheric) were applied on the images and the map of the land use for each section in the region was prepared using the classification method of the maximum likelihood that the produced map have Kappa coefficient more than 86% and usage accuracy of 0.83. After classification, the comparison method was used to monitor the land use changes. The results revealed that in every three years, the most land cover of Shafarood watershed belongs to the forest class and in the next rank belongs to the rangeland class. As a result, the continuous decline of the forest class accured from 63.05 percent to 57.27 and 57.22 percent in the first section for the years 2013 and 2017 respectively. The continuous increase of the rock class (8.15-9.10-10.45) and bare lands (3.5- 4.47-5.08%) confirms it in the study area. Environmental challenges of constructing the Shafaroud dam is another emphasis on the importance of conducting advanced and specialized studies based on ecological methodologies and also increasing the decision makers awareness of Hyrcanian forests complexity which has formed in a very long-time period. Manuscript Document