• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Use of Microorganisms In Bioremediation Of Heavy Methals In Soils
        jina tanzadeh mohammad panahandeh
        Bioremediation is an promising and available new technique for removal and recovery of heavy metals in contaminated land and waters. These microorganisms developed Different detoxifying mechanisms such as bioaccumulation, biosorption, biomineralization and biotrans Full Text
        Bioremediation is an promising and available new technique for removal and recovery of heavy metals in contaminated land and waters. These microorganisms developed Different detoxifying mechanisms such as bioaccumulation, biosorption, biomineralization and biotransformation.The food and water we consume are often pulluted very of chemicals and heavy metals, such as gold,copper ,nickel, zinc, cadmium, arsenic, lead, chromium, and mercury that are associated with very diseases.Some studies described microorganism able to bioremediation heavy methas. Among others some of the microorganisms that play great role in bioremediation of heavy metals are Pseudomonas spp ,Corynebacterium spp ,Bacillus spp Arthrobacter spp, Alcaligenes spp, Rhodococcus spp, Flavobacterium spp, Nocardia spp, Azetobacter spp, Methosinus, Phormidium valderium. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Evaluation of Ecotourism in Boujagh National Park using multi-criteria analysis and GIS
        Maryam  Haghighi khomami
        Landslide is a geological phenomenon which cause annual enormous losses of life and property in the country. Since the set of natural and human factors contributed to the damages caused by the landslide, this phenomenon is known as the limiting factor in land developmen Full Text
        Landslide is a geological phenomenon which cause annual enormous losses of life and property in the country. Since the set of natural and human factors contributed to the damages caused by the landslide, this phenomenon is known as the limiting factor in land development policies. One of the most important solution to reduce the damages caused by landslides, is to avoide these areas. For this it is essential to provide high accuracy maps of landslide hazard zoning by an available and suitable method. Thus in this study GIS (Geographic Information System) was utilized to determine the high risk areas and evaluate the impact of various factors. At first the influenced factors were selected by field and other reserchers studies then the layers were prepared on GIS ( by the use of ArcGIS 10.2). These layers are lithology, slope, aspect, land use, road networks, distance to fault, elevation and drainage watershed in Emamzade Ebrahim watershed in west of Guilan province, Iran. In step 1, standardization of the layers was done using Fuzzy logic. Step 2, analyze hierarchi prossess (AHP) was used to pair-wise comparison of these factors and the weight of each factor, which represents the degree of their influence had been calculated and finally landslide hazard zonation map was prepared with different sensitivities. Slope by the weight of 0/308 and lithology 0/231 had highest impact and should be more emphasis and considere on basin development planning managers and policy makers. Also 39% of the basin area has low sensitivity and 2% has very high sensitivity to the risk of the occurrence of landslide hazard. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The application of Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) sensor in water and wastewater treatment industries
        seyed ali rahmani nejad
        The Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) is applied for controlling the chemical and biological reactions. It means, by the help of ORP the tendency of reactions for occurring in aqueous solution are measured. The ORP measurement has been used in variety of applications Full Text
        The Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) is applied for controlling the chemical and biological reactions. It means, by the help of ORP the tendency of reactions for occurring in aqueous solution are measured. The ORP measurement has been used in variety of applications especially, water and wastewater treatment e.g. cyanide detoxification, advanced oxidation processes (production of hydroxyl radicals: fenton), water disinfection and etc. By measuring the ORP during the reaction, the end time of reaction, the required concentration of reactants and optimum conditions be determined. In this study, the use of ORP in most common reactions in water and wastewater industries are investigated. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Quantity and quality investigation of generated wastes at steel industries
        زهرا ضمیرایی علی ناهد
        Regarding to the variety of uses of steel in the world and widening its scope of application with the advancement of technology, steel production has changed to keep pace with advances in technology, following the changes; producers have tried to raise productivity and Full Text
        Regarding to the variety of uses of steel in the world and widening its scope of application with the advancement of technology, steel production has changed to keep pace with advances in technology, following the changes; producers have tried to raise productivity and use of cheaper energy and fuels due to its geographical environment. There are the wastes in different stages of steelmaking (coke making, iron making and steelmaking). The generated wastes in this industry are with hazardous substances such as heavy metals, according to the classifications of the wastes, are classified as hazardous wastes. Therefore, identification and analysis and management of such waste in these industries are essential. The release of aforesaid hazardous wastes in nature can be had issues and problems for the environment and human health ultimately exceed the acceptable environmental conditions. The proper management of hazardous wastes in order to reduce and control pollution of the environment is utmost importance. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Economical Valuation of River to Conservation for sustainability of Water Supply (Case Study: Masal Khalkaei River, Gilan Province)
        طوبی عابدی بهنام  یوسفی
        Economical valuation of environmental services help the decision makers to make decision about receasion, conservation and sustainability of water resources. Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) is used to evaluate conservation of water resources value of Khalkaei River lo Full Text
        Economical valuation of environmental services help the decision makers to make decision about receasion, conservation and sustainability of water resources. Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) is used to evaluate conservation of water resources value of Khalkaei River located in Masal in Guilan Province at the north of Iran. This method tries to define individual’s willingness to pay (WTP) under suggested prices of given hypothetical market. Among the variables of the model presented, monthly cost, monthly income and environmental viwepoint (P<0.01) and landscape (P<0.1) are effective variables on willing to pay.. The average monthly WTP per family was calculated as 36766 Rls of Iran. The annual conservation value in terms of WTP for the conservation of Khalkaei River was estimated as 208 million Rls of Iran. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Climate Change Assessment in Ardebil province during 2011-2030
        ladan kazemi rad
        Outputs of GCMs downscaled by LARS-WG model for assessing the Climate Change in Ardebil Province. Outputs from 2 GCMs models (MPEH5, HADCM3) based on 2 scenarios (A2, B1) were used for predicting climatic parameters during 2011-2030. Model that has lowest difference com Full Text
        Outputs of GCMs downscaled by LARS-WG model for assessing the Climate Change in Ardebil Province. Outputs from 2 GCMs models (MPEH5, HADCM3) based on 2 scenarios (A2, B1) were used for predicting climatic parameters during 2011-2030. Model that has lowest difference compared to the average results has chosen as a suitable model for predicting the future. Outputs of chosen Model were compared with the base data to determine their trends. The results showed that minimum and maximum temperatures (0.4 ° C) and dry day length (9 days) will increase. Also rainfall (27.5 mm), wet day length (9 days), hot day length (2 days) and frost day length (4 days) will decrease in the period of future. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Determining the Optimum Coagulant for Chemical Treatment of Fiber Wastewater from Pulp and Paper Mills
        هانیه میربلوکی shamim moghadami Fariba Ostovar
        Pulp and paper mills consider as a major wastewater producer industries in order to cellulosic pollution and also consuming high amount of water during the process.The wastewater treatment process is complicated because these kinds of effluents contain suspended & coll Full Text
        Pulp and paper mills consider as a major wastewater producer industries in order to cellulosic pollution and also consuming high amount of water during the process.The wastewater treatment process is complicated because these kinds of effluents contain suspended & colloidal impurities and color & odor; so using chemical coagulants via the Jar test can be an appropriate alternative to remove the contaminants. In this research, different concentrations of Alum, PAC and FeCl3 coagulants were tested to reduce the contamination load of the effluent from three important major parts of fiber wastewater producers; that, according to the results FeCl3 was reported as the best chemical coagulants which removed 61%, 74/05 % and 58% of the COD from the three mentioned parts effluent. Therefore, chemical treatment by using of an appropriate coagulant with the optimum concentration can perform an important role in reducing the effluent contamination load. Manuscript Document