• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Use of macro-algae as biomass resource for renewable energy production
        mehran parsa Maryam Pazoki hassan hoveidi
        Energy consumption has significantly increased beside of urbanization growth. It may go up so fast that it results in environmental Issues and greater natural resource depletions. Therefore, the use of renewable and clean fuel is considered necessary. Currently, macro-a Full Text
        Energy consumption has significantly increased beside of urbanization growth. It may go up so fast that it results in environmental Issues and greater natural resource depletions. Therefore, the use of renewable and clean fuel is considered necessary. Currently, macro-algae are cultivated in various regions of the world for various industrial and food usages. Macro-algae are known as a specific resource of alternative for energy production due to their biochemical properties such as high level of carbohydrate, lipid and protein. Various biotechnology methods have been developed for energy producing from macro-algae which are divided into two categories: 1) biochemical processes (fermentation, digestion) and 2) thermochemical processes (incineration, pyrolysis, and hydrothermal liquefaction). Depending on the type of methods, the product are categorized under different phases such as solid, liquid and gas. In this study, we will review the methods and studies on the energy production of different species of macroalgae. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Comparison the changes of two Hinosan and Butachlor toxins in Groundwater resources from Guilan province
        maryam panahandeh mehdi ashournia Mirmoslem Rahbar hashemi hadi Modabberi
        The aim of this study was to compare the content of two commonly used poisons in Guilan province in order to increase the crops, especially rice, in water used by residents of Gilan in spring. For this purpose, 20 wells were selected in the villages of Guilan. The extra Full Text
        The aim of this study was to compare the content of two commonly used poisons in Guilan province in order to increase the crops, especially rice, in water used by residents of Gilan in spring. For this purpose, 20 wells were selected in the villages of Guilan. The extraction process was carried out using liquid and N-hexane-dichloromethane (1: 1) phases for analysis. The extraction product was injected into a gas chromatograph with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD) for measurement. The sampling and measurement process was carried out. Quantitative measurements were carried out using external standard methods. The studies carried out confirmed that in the study chapter, the study of the content of Hinosan and Butachlor pesticides is not more than standard and more acceptable, but due to their toxicity and their long-term effects on creatures Consumers, especially humans, it be used continuous monitoring of their amount in water by residents. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Study of Solid Waste Management in Rural Healthcare Center (Case Study rural Healthcare Centers of Rasht)
        fatemeh ghanbari zeynab bazargard batol sedighi
        Medical waste is a part of municipal solid waste which is classified as hazardous solid waste. One of the sources of medical waste is rural healthcare centers that are prominent because of having infectious waste. This research aims to study of medical waste in rural he Full Text
        Medical waste is a part of municipal solid waste which is classified as hazardous solid waste. One of the sources of medical waste is rural healthcare centers that are prominent because of having infectious waste. This research aims to study of medical waste in rural healthcare center, the quantity of waste and the method of waste management.This study was done in two countries of Rasht. The method was according to physical analysis and questionnaires.Total amount of medical waste in studied area is 274.3 kg/year. The amount of semi-household waste and medical waste are 75 and 25 percent, respectively. The result of questionnaires indicates lack of solid waste management system in rural healthcare centers of Rasht.The results reveal that the amount of medical waste in studied district is low. This amount is a great deal less than the amount of municipal hospital waste in other research. Although the amount of medical waste is negligible, lack of management system for medical waste separation, storage and disposal will cause undesirable impact on human and their environment. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - A review of the assessment and management of the ecological risk of invasive plants
        ساجده مدنی مکرم  روانبخش سنگجویی مریم پناهنده
        Due to the increase in human activities, the destructive impact on the environment is not limited to a particular region of the world. Including the destructive impacts are entering non-native plant species around the world that during the 200 years ago with the spread Full Text
        Due to the increase in human activities, the destructive impact on the environment is not limited to a particular region of the world. Including the destructive impacts are entering non-native plant species around the world that during the 200 years ago with the spread of agriculture, increase the exchange of goods, increased human activities as well as increasing environmental destruction, it's increasing. Although only a limited number of non-native species can be invasive, the negative effects of these species on natural and crop communities, human and animal health, and the changing ecosystem characteristics are so high that the research process is constantly expanding in this regard. One of the damages, which has received considerable attention in recent years, is the problem of the introduction of non-native (invasive) plant species into natural ecosystems, but not all non-native species are harmful. Sometimes non-native species are well absorbed by the ecosystem and positioned like native species. But invasive species are species that are not native ecosystems, and their entry causes economic, environmental or human health damage. In this study, the ecological risk assessment of aggressive plants will be provided and suitable strategies for controlling entry and risk reduction will be presented. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Environmental risk assesssment of construction of caspian port in Anzali free zone by using Integration AHP& TOPSIS
        shamim moghadami niloofar Abedinzade Maryam  Haghighi khomami
        Environmental risk assessment is a further step of environmental impact assessment and analyze different aspects of risk, while understanding the Environmental impact zone, the environmental sensitivity of the area affected by special environmental values as well as ana Full Text
        Environmental risk assessment is a further step of environmental impact assessment and analyze different aspects of risk, while understanding the Environmental impact zone, the environmental sensitivity of the area affected by special environmental values as well as analysis and risk assessment district is considered. To accomplish this study first by using of field investigation the activities which leads to risk in construction of Caspian port water front were identified and in order to extract the significant risks the specialists questioner (Delphi) was used. Finally among the identified risks, 10 environmental risks were chosen for prioritizing.After identifying the risks, indicators such as probability, severity of risk and the sensibility of the environment were selected as prioritizing criteria. AHP method and ECPRO 2000 software, for determining the risk probability, for determination the severity of risk scores and the reference texts for determining the values of sensitivity were applied. After determining the indicators, the TOPSIS software was used to risk prioritizing. The results of prioritizing studied risk showed that the highest risk is related to increased turbidity, deformation of substrate and water pollution are with weights 0.938, 0.898 and 0.662 respectively. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Compare the performance of conventional coagulants made of ferric sulfate turbidity and organic carbon surface water
        Water treatment, according to its substantial role in life and also environmental topics, has a great importance. generally speaking, different methods are utilized in water and wastewater treatment such as: sedimentation, filtration and biologic treatment methods. One Full Text
        Water treatment, according to its substantial role in life and also environmental topics, has a great importance. generally speaking, different methods are utilized in water and wastewater treatment such as: sedimentation, filtration and biologic treatment methods. One of the most important methods applied in water and wastewater treatment is coagulation of suspended solid contents of water using coagulants. Coagulants are divided into non-organic (mineral). synthetic organic and non-synthetic organic groups. In this research, efficiency of non-organic (mineral) coagulants including Ferric chloror, Aluminum phosphate, Poly Aluminum chloride & Polly Ferric Sulphate, in coagulation – flocculation process was studied and compared using a Jar test system. It should be mentioned that for the first time in Iran, Polly Ferric Sulphate was tested during research. According to reported results, this coagulation, compared with other coagulants, indicates better performance in conception, heavier flock’s production higher sedimentation velocity, turbidity removal efficiency, organic carbon removal percent and its good performance in a wider range of temperature and pH. Moreover, because of Ferric base, it does not face with common problems of Aluminum based materials. Manuscript Document