List of subject articles


    • Open Access Article

      1 - A review of the assessment and management of the ecological risk of invasive plants
      ساجده مدنی مکرم  روانبخش سنگجویی مریم پناهنده
      Due to the increase in human activities, the destructive impact on the environment is not limited to a particular region of the world. Including the destructive impacts are entering non-native plant species around the world that during the 200 years ago with the spread Full Text
      Due to the increase in human activities, the destructive impact on the environment is not limited to a particular region of the world. Including the destructive impacts are entering non-native plant species around the world that during the 200 years ago with the spread of agriculture, increase the exchange of goods, increased human activities as well as increasing environmental destruction, it's increasing. Although only a limited number of non-native species can be invasive, the negative effects of these species on natural and crop communities, human and animal health, and the changing ecosystem characteristics are so high that the research process is constantly expanding in this regard. One of the damages, which has received considerable attention in recent years, is the problem of the introduction of non-native (invasive) plant species into natural ecosystems, but not all non-native species are harmful. Sometimes non-native species are well absorbed by the ecosystem and positioned like native species. But invasive species are species that are not native ecosystems, and their entry causes economic, environmental or human health damage. In this study, the ecological risk assessment of aggressive plants will be provided and suitable strategies for controlling entry and risk reduction will be presented. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      2 - Environmental risk assesssment of construction of caspian port in Anzali free zone by using Integration AHP& TOPSIS
      shamim moghadami niloofar Abedinzade Maryam  Haghighi khomami
      Environmental risk assessment is a further step of environmental impact assessment and analyze different aspects of risk, while understanding the Environmental impact zone, the environmental sensitivity of the area affected by special environmental values as well as ana Full Text
      Environmental risk assessment is a further step of environmental impact assessment and analyze different aspects of risk, while understanding the Environmental impact zone, the environmental sensitivity of the area affected by special environmental values as well as analysis and risk assessment district is considered. To accomplish this study first by using of field investigation the activities which leads to risk in construction of Caspian port water front were identified and in order to extract the significant risks the specialists questioner (Delphi) was used. Finally among the identified risks, 10 environmental risks were chosen for prioritizing.After identifying the risks, indicators such as probability, severity of risk and the sensibility of the environment were selected as prioritizing criteria. AHP method and ECPRO 2000 software, for determining the risk probability, for determination the severity of risk scores and the reference texts for determining the values of sensitivity were applied. After determining the indicators, the TOPSIS software was used to risk prioritizing. The results of prioritizing studied risk showed that the highest risk is related to increased turbidity, deformation of substrate and water pollution are with weights 0.938, 0.898 and 0.662 respectively. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      3 - Environmental Impact Assessment of Steel Plant Construction
      هانیه میربلوکی niloofar Abedinzade fatemeh ghanbari
      Today, steel production and consumption is applied as an important criterion for measuring the degree of countries industrial development. Needing to investment in construction and economic infrastructure in developing countries, their steel production policy is in the Full Text
      Today, steel production and consumption is applied as an important criterion for measuring the degree of countries industrial development. Needing to investment in construction and economic infrastructure in developing countries, their steel production policy is in the direction of producing the various types of structural steel. In this regard, the main object of the studied steel plant construction is creating jobs in the region, reducing imports and contributing to the country's economic development through carbon ingot production with electric arc furnace technology. After assigning the direct study area of the project, the major contaminants arising from the project implementation were investigated in construction and implementation phases and the corrective actions considered to reduce the contaminants effects. In this research, Rapid Assessment method was used for environmental impact assesment that according to the results, among 96 detected impacts, 55.1 percent of the impacts are negative and 44.9 percent are positive that in case of observing the corrective actions before and after the project implementation, its negative impacts will be minimized. Also, it is recommended that after the plant costruction, apply a periodic monitoring of the outlet contaminants every three months. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      4 - Environmental and Technical Assessment of Biogas Production using Rice Straw
      Mahsa Khodabakhshi pour محسن محمدی گلنگش mohsen khodabakhshipour
      Energy consumption is increasing rapidly in the world and it is expected that unrenewable energy sources will expire in the future; therefore, new methods of energy production are becoming more common all over the world. Biogas is one of the new and clean energies, whic Full Text
      Energy consumption is increasing rapidly in the world and it is expected that unrenewable energy sources will expire in the future; therefore, new methods of energy production are becoming more common all over the world. Biogas is one of the new and clean energies, which is produced from anaerobic fermentation of biomass. Guilan province with 238,000 hectares of paddy lands has significant potential for biogas production from organic residues. In this way, this study was carried out to investigate the process of biogas production from the combination of rice straw and animal waste with the ratios of (0-100), (5-95), (10-90), (15-85), (20-80) respectively in three repetitions. The experiment was performed at mesophilic temperature by anaerobic digestion method in the 1/5 lit bottles. An economic and environmental assessment for replacement of biogas produced in this process with fossil fuels was implemented in the village of Pounel in Guilan Province. The results showed that the ratio of 10% of rice straw had the highest biogas production efficiency and by replacing the biogas, 21 percent will save in fossil fuel consumption. It will also prevent the emission of 328.42 kg of CO2 gas into the atmosphere per year. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      5 - Assessment and Environmental Impact Analysis of the Urban Streets using Multi-Criteria Decision Making Model (Case Study: 58-meter street of Arak)
      maryam hosseinkhani amir ansari amir Hedayati Agmashhadi
      The purpose of this research is assessing and planning the urban streets of Arak city. In this research, environmental impacts were assessed by using these three methods: Multi-criteria like rapid matrix, ANP and fuzzy TOPSIS that both of them are decision-making method Full Text
      The purpose of this research is assessing and planning the urban streets of Arak city. In this research, environmental impacts were assessed by using these three methods: Multi-criteria like rapid matrix, ANP and fuzzy TOPSIS that both of them are decision-making methods. The process that has been followed in this study includes, determining the indicators, (using library studies), specifying geographic area, introducing the options, studying the environmental basic conditions, indicating and predicting and impacts, assessing the impacts using the three mentioned methods and providing the report. In the following, the status of the environmental factors was investigated. Then, the most important factors that might be affected by 58-meter street construction were identified using checklist, and were selected as the criteria for impact assessment. Then environmental impact assessment was separately fulfilled by using three methods like rapid assessment (matrix), fuzzy TOPSIS and ANP. Due to the the more negative impacts relatively to the positive impacts in the rapid matrix method, the project was rejected. In both fuzzy TOPSIS and ANP methods the non-execution option has the most weight and preference. But among these methods, the ANP method is introduced as a suitable method for environment impacts assessment in different projects because of its ability to create a network with interaction between criteria and options at different levels and directions. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      6 - The Study of Environmental Impacts of Pistachio Production Using Life Cycle Assessment, (Case Study: Rafsanjan City)
      Maryam Rajaei Mohammad Reza Elmi Mahin Malekian
      Life Cycle Assessment method is an accepted approach for assessing the environmental impacts of a product's life cycle, which is calculated on the basis of two components: the amount of consuming resources and the release of pollutants to the environment. In this study, Full Text
      Life Cycle Assessment method is an accepted approach for assessing the environmental impacts of a product's life cycle, which is calculated on the basis of two components: the amount of consuming resources and the release of pollutants to the environment. In this study, the environmental impact assessment of pistachio production from the beginning of planting to the field door was estimated using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method in Rafsanjan. Initial data were collected through questionnaire method and interview with local farmers. The collected data were analyzed using Ecoinvent®3.0 database and Simapro8.0.4.30 software. The system boundary, field and work unit were considered as a ton of pistachios in this study. The results of this study showed that the use of diesel and electricity as energy sources lead to the release of CO2, NOx, SOx and heavy metals into the environment. Analysis of the pistachio data showed that emissions from fertilizers in the layers had the highest role in source reduction, global warming, toxicity to humans, toxicity to marine aquatics and chemical photooxidation. Emissions from fuel consumption had the greatest effect on ozone layer depletion. Manuscript Document